Titanium Dioxide ( Tio2) For Ink

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is a hidden hero in the world of inks. This remarkable pigment plays a crucial role in creating vibrant, high-quality inks for various printing applications. Let’s delve into the fascinating world of TiO2 and explore its benefits, applications, and safety considerations.
  1. Offset Printing: Based on oil and water repulsion, offset printing resin must have good anti-emulsifying and hydrophobic properties to prevent white ink from emulsifying. For outdoor use, titanium dioxide in white ink needs good light and weather resistance to prevent yellowing or powdering.
  2. Gravure Composite Film Inks: For vibrant color printing, white ink is applied first. Titanium dioxide in the ink must have excellent color strength and hiding power.
  3. Tin Printing Ink: Post-press baking requires about 180℃ for 120 minutes. Titanium dioxide must have excellent heat resistance to prevent yellowing and loss of luster during baking.

Superior Opacity and Whiteness

One of the most significant advantages of TiO2 is its ability to deliver exceptional opacity and whiteness. When incorporated into inks, it effectively conceals the substrate beneath, creating a crisp, solid print. This allows for thinner ink films, which translates to cost savings in ink production. Modern technology ensures consistent opacity and high tinting strength, offering superior printability.

Enhanced Durability and Compatibility

TiO2 boasts low abrasion properties, minimizing wear on printing plates. This makes it ideal for solvent-based and water-based inks used in flexographic printing, gravure printing, and digital printing of labels and packaging materials. Additionally, TiO2 exhibits excellent compatibility with a wide range of ink pigments, enabling formulators to achieve optimal cost-performance ratios and desired levels of abrasion resistance.

Exceptional Dispersion and Tinting Strength

Alumina surface-treated TiO2 offers exceptional dispersion properties. This reduces pigment-to-pigment contact, leading to improved ink stability and significantly lower energy consumption during dispersion. Furthermore, TiO2’s high refractive index and scattering coefficient contribute to its strong tinting power. This translates to inks with vivid colors and exceptional hiding power.

How to use titanium dioxide for ink?

Titanium dioxide (TiO₂) is commonly used in ink formulations to improve opacity and brightness. To use it, uniformly distribute the TiO₂ pigment in the ink medium using high-speed mixers or bead mills. The typical concentration ranges from 5 to 30%, depending on the desired opacity and color intensity. Ensure that the dispersion procedure prevents agglomeration for smooth printing. TiO₂ improves print quality, durability, and color vibrancy, making it suitable for a variety of printing applications.

Choosing the Right TiO2 for Your Ink

Selecting the appropriate TiO2 pigment hinges on the desired outcome. Here are key factors to consider:

Ink Whiteness

Pure TiO2 delivers the brightest white. For toned-down whites or slight color shifts, consider TiO2 with trace amounts of copper, iron, or chromium. Rutile-type TiO2 is well-suited for these applications.

Ink Hiding Power

A high refractive index in TiO2 translates to superior hiding power. Opt for TiO2 with a very high refractive index for maximum white ink opacity.

Types of TiO2 for Inks

There are two primary types of TiO2 used in ink formulations:

Rutile TiO2

Anatase TiO2

Anatase Titanium Dioxide For Ink

This type appears yellow or colorless in its nanoparticle form. While naturally dark due to impurities, it delivers exceptional UV protection to printed materials.

Rutile Titanium Dioxide For Ink

The most common and stable form, rutile TiO2 is produced under high temperatures and pressure. It finds widespread use in white inks due to its excellent dispersion and high refractive index.

Safety Considerations

Potential exposure to TiO2 can occur during ink formulation or application. Inhalation at low concentrations is generally harmless, but may cause irritation at high levels. Skin contact usually results in mild irritation, while eye contact can lead to temporary tearing and discomfort. Ingestion is not recommended, but small amounts are unlikely to cause harm. Long-term exposure is still under investigation, and research suggests TiO2 may be a carcinogen under chronic exposure conditions. However, there’s currently no evidence of mutagenicity.


Titanium dioxide is an indispensable component in various ink formulations. Its impact on whiteness, opacity, and printability is undeniable. As the demand for high-quality inks continues to rise, the use of TiO2 is expected to increase, opening exciting possibilities for innovative printing applications.

Sukhmani Impex offers a comprehensive selection of TiO2 grades tailored for diverse ink applications. Their commitment to quality and consistency ensures exceptional performance in your printing processes.


What are Applications of Titanium Dioxide for ink ?

Titanium dioxide in ink enhances opacity, brightness, and color stability, improving print quality and durability.

How to use titanium dioxide for ink?

To use titanium dioxide in ink, disperse it evenly in the ink formulation. This enhances brightness, opacity, and stability, ensuring vibrant, durable prints.

What are the Different Grades of Titanium Dioxide?

Titanium dioxide comes in various grades, classified based on particle size and surface treatment. Common grades include rutile and anatase, each suitable for specific applications.

How Should Titanium Dioxide be Stored?

Titanium dioxide should be stored in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight and moisture. Proper storage conditions help maintain its quality and extend its shelf life.

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